Judge Rules New York’s District Maps Unconstitutional, Orders Legislature to Draw New Ones

Democrats immediately said they would appeal the decision.

Vaughn Golden   ·   April 1, 2022
Acting Supreme Court Justice Patrick McAllister of Steuben County listens to closing arguments in the redistricting lawsuit, on March 31, 2022. | Vaughn Golden/WSKG

This story was published in partnership with WSKG.

Update: On April 27, the Court of Appeals ruled in a 4-3 decision that the 2022 Congressional and State Senate maps were unconstitutional and ordered an independent expert to draw new maps. Two days later, judge Patrick McAllister ordered that the Congressional and State Senate primaries, which had previously been scheduled for June 28, be moved back to August 23.

A judge in Steuben County dealt a blow to Democrats on Thursday, ruling that New York’s congressional maps constituted an unconstitutionally drawn partisan gerrymander.

Acting Supreme Court Justice Patrick McAllister ordered the state legislature to draw new, bipartisan congressional, state senate and assembly districts – opening up the potential for delayed primary elections scheduled for June. McAllister gave the legislature until April 11 to approve new maps that are supported by both Democrats and Republicans in the state Senate and Assembly. If the legislature does not do so, McAllister wrote, then the court will step in and hire a neutral expert to draw the new maps. 

Democrats immediately said they would appeal the ruling, which may stay the judge’s order throwing out the maps, effectively keeping the existing maps in place in the short term.

“The legislature ignored the work entirely of the independent redistricting commission and then it, behind closed doors, without any Republican input or cooperations, enacted a frankly nationally embarrassing partisan gerrymander,” Misha Tseytlin, an attorney for the Republican-backed plaintiffs in the case said in his closing argument Thursday.

McAllister, who was elected to the Steuben County Surrogate’s Court in 2017 on the Republican line, accepted Tseytlin’s argument. In his decision, he accused Democrats in the state legislature of deliberately violating an amendment to the state constitution, approved by voters in 2014,  which requires district maps to be drawn by the Independent Redistricting Commission (IRC) and approved with bipartisan support.

“The legislature is not free to ignore the IRC maps and develop their own,” he wrote.

McAllister acknowledged the degree to which his decision could scramble the election calendar this year. “At this point in time, the candidates have been collecting signatures for over a month to get on the ballot for districts that no longer exist,” he wrote, suggesting that the primary elections, currently scheduled for June, could be delayed until late August. 

New York Attorney General Letitia James, who represents Gov. Kathy Hochul in the case, announced that she will appeal McAllister’s decision.

“This is one step in the process,” a spokesperson for the State Senate Democratic Majority said in a statement. “We always knew this case would be decided by the appellate courts. We are appealing this decision and expect this decision will be stayed as the appeal process proceeds.”

The ruling sides with Republicans' procedural argument that the maps were approved unconstitutionally as well as their substantive claim that the maps themselves were a partisan gerrymander.

McAllister’s ruling represents the first decision based on the new Independent Redistricting Process and provisions barring partisan gerrymandering.

Vaughn Golden is a general assignment reporter at WSKG Public Media with a focus on environmental coverage. He has also contributed to NPR, the Albany Times-Union, the New York Post, Democracy Now!, the Ithaca Voice, National Native News and public radio affiliates including… more
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